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OTHER ARTICLES
VISIONS OF ROBOTECH
EXAMPLES OF REAL-WORLD ARMED
FORCES OFFICER RANK STRUCTURES



Back to Ranks of the Armed Forces of the World Government


UNITED KINGDOM (& OTHER COMMONWEALTH NATIONS)*

NAVY ARMY & MARINES AIR FORCE
Admiral of the fleet
Admiral
Vice-admiral
Rear admiral
Commodore
Captain
Commander
Lieutenant-commander
Lieutenant
Sub-lieutenant
Midshipman
Field marshal**
General
Lieutenant-general
Major-general
Brigadier
Colonel
Lieutenant-colonel
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Second lieutenant
Marshal of the Royal Air Force***
Air chief marshal
Air marshal
Air vice-marshal
Air commodore
Group captain
Wing commander
Squadron leader
Flight lieutenant
Flying officer
Pilot officer

* All military rank structures of English-speaking countries (and some others) have been derived from ranks that have existed in the United Kingdom's armed forces. The commissioned officer rank structures of other Commonwealth countries are typically almost the same as that of the UK. A number of Commonwealth air forces currently use Army officer ranks, as do the navies of Kenya and Brunei. The Republic of Singapore Navy is an odd case in that although it has admiral ranks, the rest are the same as the Army's.

** Field marshal does not exist in the Marines.

*** Equivalent of other countries either includes the full name of the relevant air force (e.g. marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force) or is simply marshal of the air force.


UNITED STATES*

NAVY** ARMY, AIR FORCE & MARINES
Fleet admiral
Admiral
Vice-admiral
Rear admiral
Rear admiral (lower half)
Captain
Commander
Lieutenant-commander
Lieutenant
Lieutenant (junior grade)
Ensign
General of the army/gen. of the air force***
General
Lieutenant-general
Major-general
Brigadier-general
Colonel
Lieutenant-colonel
Major
Captain
First lieutenant
Second lieutenant

* Chart does not include warrant officer ranks (which comprise a separate category below ensign/second lieutenant).

** US Coast Guard officer ranks are the same as the USN's except that the rank of fleet admiral has never existed in the USCG.

*** The United States Marine Corps has never had an equivalent of fleet admiral, general of the army and general of the air force. (The last American 'five-star' officer was General of the Army Omar Bradley, who held that rank from September 1950 until his death in 1981.)


PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (MAINLAND CHINA)

ARMED FORCES
Shang jiang
Zhong jiang
Shao jiang*
Da xiao
Shang xiao
Zhong xiao
Shao xiao
Shang wei
Zhong wei
Shao wei

* Major-general equivalent.


SPAIN

NAVY ARMY, AIR FORCE & MARINES
Capitán general
Almirante general
Almirante
Vicealmirante
Contralmirante
Capitán de navío
Capitán de fragata
Capitán de corbeta
Teniente de navío
Alférez de navío
Alférez de fragata
Capitán general*
General de ejército/gen. del aire**
Teniente general
General de división
General de brigada
Coronel
Teniente coronel
Comandante
Capitán
Teniente
Alférez

* Capitán general does not exist in the Infantería de Marina (Marines).

** General de ejército is an Army rank and general del aire is an Air Force rank. Neither exists in the Infantería de Marina (Marines).


COLOMBIA

NAVY ARMY, AIR FORCE & MARINES
Almirante
Vicealmirante
Contralmirante
Capitán de navío
Capitán de fragata
Capitán de corbeta
Teniente de navío
Teniente de fragata
Teniente de corbeta
General
Mayor general
Brigadier general
Coronel
Teniente coronel
Mayor
Capitán
Teniente
Subteniente


PERU

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Almirante
Vicealmirante
Contralmirante
Capitán de navío
Capitán de fragata
Capitán de corbeta
Teniente primero
Teniente segundo
Alférez de fragata
General de ejército*
General de división
General de brigada
Coronel
Teniente coronel
Mayor
Capitán
Teniente
Alférez

* General de ejército is an Army rank only. (Some sources state the Air Force has the equivalent general del aire, but I have not yet been able to corroborate this with an official source.)


VENEZUELA

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Almirante en jefe
Almirante
Vicealmirante
Contralmirante
Capitán de navío
Capitán de fragata
Capitán de corbeta
Teniente de navío
Teniente de fragata
Alférez
General en jefe
Mayor general
General de división
General de brigada
Coronel
Teniente coronel
Mayor
Capitán
Teniente
Subteniente


ARABIC-SPEAKING COUNTRIES

ARMED FORCES
Mushir
Fariq awwal
Fariq
Liwa*
Amid
Aqid
Muqaddam
Raid
Naqib
Mulazim awwal
Mulazim**

* Major-general equivalent.

** Some services have mulazim thani instead.


FRANCE

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE*
Amiral de France
Amiral
Vice-amiral d'escadre
Vice-amiral
Contre-amiral
Capitaine de vaisseau
Capitaine de frégate
Capitaine de corvette
Lieutenant de vaisseau
Enseigne de vaisseau de 1re classe
Enseigne de vaisseau de 2e classe
Aspirant
Maréchal de France
Général d'armée
Général de corps d'armée
Général de division
Général de brigade
Colonel
Lieutenant-colonel
Chef de bataillon/commandant
Capitaine
Lieutenant
Sous-lieutenant
Aspirant

* Air Force ranks are the same as those of the Army except that:
    - Chef de bataillon does not exist in the Air Force; and
    - Air Force general ranks have aérienne at the end of the rank (e.g. général de brigade aérienne).


BELGIUM

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Admiral/admiraal
Vice-amiral/vice admiraal
Amiral de division/divisie admiraal
Amiral de flottile/flottielje admiraal
Capitaine de vaisseau/kapitein ter zee
Capitaine de frégate/fregatkapitein
Capitaine de corvette/korvetkapitein
Lieutenant de vaisseau de 1ère classe/luitenant ter zee 1ste klas
Lieutenant de vaisseau/luitenant ter zee
Enseigne de vaisseau/vaandrig ter zee
Enseigne de vaisseau de 2e classe/vaandrig ter zee 2de klas
Général/Generaal
Lieutenant-général/luitenant-generaal
Général-major/generaal-majoor
Général de brigade/brigade-generaal
Colonel/kolonel
Lieutenant-colonel/luitenant-kolonel
Major/majoor
Capitaine-commandant/kapitein-commandant
Capitaine/kapitein
Lieutenant/luitenant
Sous-lieutenant/onderluitenant


MOROCCO

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE*
Amiral
Vice-amiral d'escadre
Vice-amiral
Contre-amiral
Capitaine de vaisseau-major
Capitaine de vaisseau
Capitaine de frégate
Capitaine de corvette
Lieutenant de vaisseau
Enseigne de vaisseau de 1re classe
Enseigne de vaisseau de 2e classe
Maréchal
Général d'armée
Général de corps d'armée
Général de division
Général de brigade
Colonel-major
Colonel
Lieutenant-colonel
Commandant
Capitaine
Lieutenant
Sous-lieutenant

* Air Force ranks are the same as those of the Army except that:
    - Chef de bataillon does not exist in the Air Force; and
    - Air Force general ranks have aérienne at the end of the rank (e.g. général de brigade aérienne).


INDONESIA

NAVY ARMY & MARINES AIR FORCE
Laksamana
Laksamana madya
Laksamana muda
Laksamana pertama
Kolonel
Letnan kolonel
Mayor
Kapten
Letnan satu
Letnan dua
Jenderal
Letnan jenderal
Mayor jenderal
Brigadir jenderal
Kolonel
Letnan kolonel
Mayor
Kapten
Letnan satu
Letnan dua
Marsekal
Marsekal madya
Marsekal muda
Marsekal pertama
Kolonel
Letnan kolonel
Mayor
Kapten
Letnan satu
Letnan dua


PORTUGAL

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Almirante da armada
Almirante
Vice-almirante
Contra-almirante
Comodoro
Capitão-de-mar-e-guerra
Capitão-de-fragata
Capitão-tenente
Primeiro-tenente
Segundo-tenente
Guarda-marinha/subtenente
Aspirante
Marechal
General
Tenente-general
Major-general
Brigadeiro-general
Coronel
Tenente-coronel
Major
Capitão
Tenente
Alferes
Aspirante


RUSSIA*

NAVY 'DECK' RANKS 'ALL FORCES' RANKS
Admiral flota
Admiral
Vitse-admiral
Kontr-admiral
Kapitan pervogo ranga
Kapitan vtorogo ranga
Kapitan tretyego ranga
Kapitan-leytenant
Starshiy leytenant
Leytenant
Mladshiy leytenant
Marshal Rossiskoy Federatsii
General armii
General polkovnik
General leytenant
General major
Polkovnik
Podpolkovnik
Major
Kapitan
Starshiy leytenant
Leytenant
Mladshiy leytenant

* Many ex-'Eastern Bloc' countries have/had very similar rank structures in their armed forces (even where the language differs).


GERMANY

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Admiral
Vizeadmiral
Konteradmiral
Flottillenadmiral
Kapitän zur see
Fregattenkapitän
Korvettenkapitän
Stabskapitänleutnant
Kapitänleutnant
Oberleutnant zur see
Leutnant zur see
General
Generalleutnant
Generalmajor
Brigadegeneral
Oberst
Oberstleutnant
Major
Stabshauptmann
Hauptmann
Oberleutnant
Leutnant


SWITZERLAND

ARMED FORCES*
General/général/generale
Korpskommandant/commandant de corps/comandante di corpo
Divisionär/divisionaire/divisionario*
Brigadier/brigadier/brigadiere
Oberst/colonel/colonello
Oberstleutnant/lieutenant-colonel/tenente colonello
Major/major/maggiore
Hauptmann/capitaine/capitano
Oberleutnant/premier lieutenant/primotenente
Leutnant/lieutenant/tenente

* Switzerland is land-locked and has no naval service.

** Major-general equivalent.


JAPAN*

J.M.S.D.F. (NAVY) J.G.S.D.F. (ARMY) J.A.S.D.F. (AIR FORCE) IMPERIAL FORCES (OBSOLETE)**
Kaijou bakuryouchou
Kaishou
Kaishouho
Ittou kaisa
Nitou kaisa
Santou kaisa
Ittou kaii
Nitou kaii
Santou kaii
Rikujou bakuryouchou
Rikushou
Rikushouho
Ittou rikusa
Nitou rikusa
Santou rikusa
Ittou rikui
Nitou rikui
Santou rikui
Koukuu bakuryouchou
Kuushou
Kuushouho
Ittou kuusa
Nitou kuusa
Santou kuusa
Ittou kuui
Nitou kuui
Santou kuui
Gensui***
Taishou
Chuujou
Shoushou
Taisa
Chuusa
Shousa
Taii
Chuui
Shoui

* There are several methods of transliterating Japanese; the method used here indicates double-length 'u' and 'o' sounds with 'uu' and 'ou' respectively.

** The Imperial armed forces were abolished after Japan's defeat in 1945. However, anime productions routinely use Imperial-era ranks for military services. The rank of junshou (brigadier-general) is often also included in such productions.

*** Gensui is often translated as marshal. However, it was more like a 'first among equals' title for officers of the rank of taishou.

Bakuryouchou is usually translated as 'chief of staff', but bakuryouchou is effectively both a rank ('full' general equivalent) and an appointment, which is held by the three service chiefs and the chief of the Joint Staff.

Major-general equivalent.


REPUBLIC OF KOREA (SOUTH KOREA)

ARMED FORCES
Won-su
Dae-jang
Chung-jang
So-jang*
Jun-jang
Dae-ryeong
Jung-ryeong
So-ryeong
Dae-wi
Jung-wi
So-wi

* Major-General equivalent.


TURKEY

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Büyük amiral
Oramiral
Koramiral
Tümarmiral*
Tugamiral
Albay
Yarbay
Binbai
Yüzbai
Üstemen
Temen
Astemen
Mareal
Orgeneral
Korgeneral
Tümgeneral*
Tuggeneral
Albay
Yarbay
Binbai
Yüzbai
Üstemen
Temen
Astemen

* Major-general equivalent.


VIETNAM

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Dô doc
Phó dô doc
Chuan dô doc*
Dai tá
Thuong tá
Trung tá
Thieu tá
Dai úy
Thuong úy
Trung úy
Thieu úy
Dai tuong**
Thuong tuong
Trung tuong
Thieu tuong*
Dai tá
Thuong tá
Trung tá
Thieu tá
Dai úy
Thuong úy
Trung úy
Thieu úy

* Major-general equivalent.

** Army rank only.


IRAN

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Darybod
Darysaklar
Daryban*
Darydar
Nakhoda yekom
Nakhoda dovom
Nakhoda sevom
Navsarvan
Navban yekom
Navban dovom
Navban sevom
Farmandeye kole ghova
Arteshbod
Sepahbod
Sarlashkar*
Sartip
Sarhang
Sarhang dovom
Sargord
Sarvan
Sotvan yekom
Sotvan dovom
Sotvan sevom

* Major-general equivalent.


THAILAND

NAVY ARMY AIR FORCE
Chom phon ruea
Phon ruea ek
Phon ruea tho
Phon ruea tri*
Nawa ek
Nawa tho
Nawa tri
Ruea ek
Ruea tho
Ruea tri
Chom phon
Phon ek
Phon tho
Phon tri*
Phan ek
Phan tho
Phan tri
Roi ek
Roi tho
Roi tri
Chom phon akat
Phon akat ek
Phon akat tho
Phon akat tri*
Nawa akat ek
Nawa akat tho
Nawa akat tri
Ruea akat ek
Ruea akat tho
Ruea akat tri

* Major-general equivalent.


BURMA / MYANMAR

ARMED FORCES
Bo gyoke hmu gyi
Du bo gyoke hmu gyi
Bo gyoke kyee
Du bo gyoke kyee
Bo gyoke*
Bo hmu gyoke
Bo hmu gyi
Du bo hmu gyi
Bo hmu
Bo gyi
Bo
Du bo

* Major-general equivalent.


POLAND

NAVY ARMY & AIR FORCE
Admiral
Wiceadmiral
Kontradmiral
Komandor
Komandor porucznik
Komandor podporucznik
Kapitan marynarki
Porucznik marynarki
Podporucznik marynarki
General
General broni
General dywizji
General brygady
Pulkownik
Podpulkownik
Major
Kapitan
Porucznik
Podporucznik


GREECE

NAVY ARMY AIR FORCE
Navarchos
Antinavarchos
Yponavarchos*
Archipliarchos
Pliarchos
Antipliarchos
Plotarchis
Ypopliarchos
Antypopliarchos
Simaioforos
Stratigos
Antistratigos
Ypostratigos*
Taxiarchos
Syntagmatarchis
Antisyntagmatarchis
Tagmatarchis
Lochagos
Ypolochagos
Anthypolochagos
Pterarchos
Antipterarchos
Ypopterarchos*
Taxiarchos
Sminarchos
Antisminarchos
Episminagos
Sminagos
Yposminagos
Anthyposminagos

* Major-general equivalent.


CZECH REPUBLIC

ARMED FORCES
Armadni general
Generalporucik
Generalmajor
Brigadni general
Plukovnik
Podplukovnik
Major
Kapitan
Nadporucik
Porucik
Podporucik


ISRAEL

ARMED FORCES
Rav aluf
Aluf*
Tat aluf
Aluf mishne
Sgan aluf
Rav seren
Seren
Segen
Segen mishne

* Major-general equivalent.


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